kivantium活動日記

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ubuntuでavrdudeを使う

物理部ではAVRに書き込むソフトとしてAVR Studioを使っていますが、Linux版は提供されていません。
そこでWinでもLinuxでも使えるavrdudeの使い方をメモしておきます(よく忘れるので…)

先に結論を書くと、AVR ISP mkIIでtiny2313にmain.hexを書き込むには
$avrdude -c avrispmkII -P usb -p t2313 -U flash:w:main.hex とすれば出来ます。
以下関連事項の説明。

avrdudeのオプション

  • -c:ライターの名前を指定します。(例: -c avrispmkII)
  • -P:使うポートを指定します。(例: -P usb)
  • -p:デバイス名を指定します。略しても構いません。mega88ならm88とか(例:-p t2313)
    但し、標準ではmega88p、mega328pを扱えないみたいなので、
    /etc/avrdude.confに追記にあるコードを追加しておいてください。(引用元http://www15.atwiki.jp/arduino/pages/39.html
  • -U:処理する対象を指定します。

    • U <メモリ名>:<コマンド>:<ファイル名>:という形をとります。

    メモリ名にはflash, eeprom, hfuse, lfuse, efuseのいずれかが入り、
    コマンドにはr(読み込み)、w(書き込み)、v(ベリファイ、検証)を入れます。
    例:flashにmain.hexを書き込む場合:-U flash:w:main.hex


その他にもオプションはありますが、使うのはこれだけなので説明しません。
知りたかったらmanページか、http://www.ladyada.net/learn/avr/avrdude.htmlを見てください。

linuxでusbを使う時はroot権限が必要みたいなので、sudoを使ってください。
sudoなんて面倒だという人は、http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5412727/avrisp-mkii-doesnt-work-with-avrdude-in-linuxを見てください。
但しこのページの、sudo restart service udevは、sudo restart udevの間違いみたいです。

以下追記

# ATmega88P
part
    id               = "m88p";
    desc             = "ATMEGA88P";
     has_debugwire = yes;
     flash_instr   = 0xB6, 0x01, 0x11;
     eeprom_instr  = 0xBD, 0xF2, 0xBD, 0xE1, 0xBB, 0xCF, 0xB4, 0x00,
                   0xBE, 0x01, 0xB6, 0x01, 0xBC, 0x00, 0xBB, 0xBF,
                   0x99, 0xF9, 0xBB, 0xAF;
    stk500_devcode   = 0x73;
#    avr910_devcode   = 0x;
    signature        = 0x1e 0x93 0x0f;
    pagel            = 0xd7;
    bs2              = 0xc2;
    chip_erase_delay = 9000;
    pgm_enable       = "1 0 1 0  1 1 0 0    0 1 0 1  0 0 1 1",
                       "0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0    0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0";

    chip_erase       = "1 0 1 0  1 1 0 0    1 0 0 0  0 0 0 0",
                       "0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0    0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0";

    timeout           = 200;
    stabdelay         = 100;
    cmdexedelay               = 25;
    synchloops                = 32;
    bytedelay         = 0;
    pollindex         = 3;
    pollvalue         = 0x53;
    predelay          = 1;
    postdelay         = 1;
    pollmethod                = 1;

    pp_controlstack     =
      0x0E, 0x1E, 0x0F, 0x1F, 0x2E, 0x3E, 0x2F, 0x3F,
      0x4E, 0x5E, 0x4F, 0x5F, 0x6E, 0x7E, 0x6F, 0x7F,
      0x66, 0x76, 0x67, 0x77, 0x6A, 0x7A, 0x6B, 0x7B,
      0xBE, 0xFD, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00;
    hventerstabdelay    = 100;
    progmodedelay       = 0;
    latchcycles         = 5;
    togglevtg           = 1;
    poweroffdelay       = 15;
    resetdelayms        = 1;
    resetdelayus        = 0;
    hvleavestabdelay    = 15;
    resetdelay          = 15;
    chiperasepulsewidth = 0;
    chiperasepolltimeout = 10;
    programfusepulsewidth = 0;
    programfusepolltimeout = 5;
    programlockpulsewidth = 0;
    programlockpolltimeout = 5;

    memory "eeprom"
        paged           = no;
        page_size       = 4;
        size            = 512;
        min_write_delay = 3600;
        max_write_delay = 3600;
        readback_p1     = 0xff;
        readback_p2     = 0xff;
      read            = "  1   0   1   0      0   0   0   0",
                          "  0   0   0   0      0   0  a9  a8",
                          " a7  a6  a5  a4     a3  a2  a1  a0",
                          "  o   o   o   o      o   o   o   o";

      write           = "  1   1   0   0      0   0   0   0",
                          "  0   0   0   0      0   0  a9  a8",
                          " a7  a6  a5  a4     a3  a2  a1  a0", 
                          "  i   i   i   i      i   i   i   i";

      loadpage_lo     = "  1   1   0   0      0   0   0   1",
                        "  0   0   0   0      0   0   0   0",
                        "  0   0   0   0      0   0  a1  a0",
                        "  i   i   i   i      i   i   i   i";

      writepage       = "  1   1   0   0      0   0   1   0",
                        "  0   0   0   0      0   0  a9  a8",
                        " a7  a6  a5  a4     a3  a2   0   0",
                        "  0   0   0   0      0   0   0   0";

      mode            = 0x41;
      delay           = 5;
      blocksize       = 4;
      readsize        = 256;
      ;
    memory "flash"
        paged           = yes;
        size            = 8192;
        page_size       = 64;
        num_pages       = 128;
        min_write_delay = 4500;
        max_write_delay = 4500;
        readback_p1     = 0xff;
        readback_p2     = 0xff;
        read_lo         = "  0   0   1   0    0   0   0   0",
                          "  0   0   0   0  a11 a10  a9  a8",
                          " a7  a6  a5  a4   a3  a2  a1  a0",
                          "  o   o   o   o    o   o   o   o";

        read_hi         = "  0   0   1   0    1   0   0   0",
                          "  0   0   0   0  a11 a10  a9  a8",
                          " a7  a6  a5  a4   a3  a2  a1  a0",
                          "  o   o   o   o    o   o   o   o";

        loadpage_lo     = "  0   1   0   0      0   0   0   0",
                          "  0   0   0   0      0   0   0   0",
                          "  x   x   x  a4     a3  a2  a1  a0",
                          "  i   i   i   i      i   i   i   i";

        loadpage_hi     = "  0   1   0   0      1   0   0   0",
                          "  0   0   0   0      0   0   0   0",
                          "  x   x   x  a4     a3  a2  a1  a0",
                          "  i   i   i   i      i   i   i   i";

        writepage       = "  0   1   0   0      1   1   0   0",
                          "  0   0   0   0    a11 a10  a9  a8",
                          " a7  a6  a5   x      x   x   x   x",
                          "  0   0   0   0      0   0   0   0";

      mode            = 0x41;
      delay           = 6;
      blocksize       = 64;
      readsize        = 256;
      ;

    memory "lfuse"
        size            = 1;
        min_write_delay = 4500;
        max_write_delay = 4500;
        read            = "0 1 0 1  0 0 0 0   0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0",
                          "0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0   o o o o  o o o o";

        write           = "1 0 1 0  1 1 0 0   1 0 1 0  0 0 0 0",
                          "0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0   i i i i  i i i i";
      ;

    memory "hfuse"
        size            = 1;
        min_write_delay = 4500;
        max_write_delay = 4500;
        read            = "0 1 0 1  1 0 0 0   0 0 0 0  1 0 0 0",
                          "0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0   o o o o  o o o o";

        write           = "1 0 1 0  1 1 0 0   1 0 1 0  1 0 0 0",
                          "0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0   i i i i  i i i i";
      ;

    memory "efuse"
        size            = 1;
        min_write_delay = 4500;
        max_write_delay = 4500;
        read            = "0 1 0 1  0 0 0 0   0 0 0 0  1 0 0 0",
                          "0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0   x x x x  x x x o";

        write           = "1 0 1 0  1 1 0 0   1 0 1 0  0 1 0 0",
                          "0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0   1 1 1 1  1 1 1 i";
      ;

    memory "lock"
        size            = 1;
        min_write_delay = 4500;
        max_write_delay = 4500;
        read            = "0 1 0 1  1 0 0 0   0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0",
                          "0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0   x x o o  o o o o";

        write           = "1 0 1 0  1 1 0 0   1 1 1 0  0 0 0 0",
                          "0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0   1 1 i i  i i i i";
      ;

    memory "calibration"
        size            = 1;
        read            = "0  0  1  1   1  0  0  0   0  0  0  0   0  0  0  0",
                          "0  0  0  0   0  0  0  0   o  o  o  o   o  o  o  o";
      ;

    memory "signature"
        size            = 3;
        read            = "0  0  1  1   0  0  0  0   0  0  0  0   0  0  0  0",
                          "0  0  0  0   0  0 a1 a0   o  o  o  o   o  o  o  o";
      ;
  ;

#&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;
# ATmega328P
#&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;&#45;

part
    id              = "m328p";
    desc            = "ATMEGA328P";
     has_debugwire = yes;
     flash_instr   = 0xB6, 0x01, 0x11;
     eeprom_instr  = 0xBD, 0xF2, 0xBD, 0xE1, 0xBB, 0xCF, 0xB4, 0x00,
                   0xBE, 0x01, 0xB6, 0x01, 0xBC, 0x00, 0xBB, 0xBF,
                   0x99, 0xF9, 0xBB, 0xAF;
    stk500_devcode  = 0x86;
    # avr910_devcode = 0x;
    signature       = 0x1e 0x95 0x0F;
    pagel           = 0xd7;
    bs2             = 0xc2;
    chip_erase_delay = 9000;
    pgm_enable       = "1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1",
                       "x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x";

    chip_erase       = "1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 x x x x x",
                       "x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x";

    timeout         = 200;
    stabdelay       = 100;
    cmdexedelay     = 25;
    synchloops      = 32;
    bytedelay       = 0;
    pollindex       = 3;
    pollvalue       = 0x53;
    predelay        = 1;
    postdelay       = 1;
    pollmethod      = 1;

    pp_controlstack     =
      0x0E, 0x1E, 0x0F, 0x1F, 0x2E, 0x3E, 0x2F, 0x3F,
      0x4E, 0x5E, 0x4F, 0x5F, 0x6E, 0x7E, 0x6F, 0x7F,
      0x66, 0x76, 0x67, 0x77, 0x6A, 0x7A, 0x6B, 0x7B,
      0xBE, 0xFD, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00;
    hventerstabdelay    = 100;
    progmodedelay       = 0;
    latchcycles         = 5;
    togglevtg           = 1;
    poweroffdelay       = 15;
    resetdelayms        = 1;
    resetdelayus        = 0;
    hvleavestabdelay    = 15;
    resetdelay          = 15;
    chiperasepulsewidth = 0;
    chiperasepolltimeout = 10;
    programfusepulsewidth = 0;
    programfusepolltimeout = 5;
    programlockpulsewidth = 0;
    programlockpolltimeout = 5;

    memory "eeprom"
        paged           = no;
        page_size       = 4;
        size            = 1024;
        min_write_delay = 3600;
        max_write_delay = 3600;
        readback_p1     = 0xff;
        readback_p2     = 0xff;
        read            = " 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0",
                          " 0 0 0 x x x a9 a8",
                          " a7 a6 a5 a4 a3 a2 a1 a0",
                          " o o o o o o o o";
    
        write           = " 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0",
                          " 0 0 0 x x x a9 a8",
                          " a7 a6 a5 a4 a3 a2 a1 a0",
                          " i i i i i i i i";

      loadpage_lo     = "  1   1   0   0      0   0   0   1",
                        "  0   0   0   0      0   0   0   0",
                        "  0   0   0   0      0   0  a1  a0",
                        "  i   i   i   i      i   i   i   i";

      writepage       = "  1   1   0   0      0   0   1   0",
                        "  0   0   x   x      x   x   a9  a8",
                        " a7  a6  a5  a4     a3  a2   0   0",
                        "  x   x   x   x      x   x   x   x";

      mode            = 0x41;
      delay           = 5;
      blocksize       = 4;
      readsize        = 256;
        ;

    memory "flash"
        paged           = yes;
        size            = 32768;
        page_size       = 128;
        num_pages       = 256;
        min_write_delay = 4500;
        max_write_delay = 4500;
        readback_p1     = 0xff;
        readback_p2     = 0xff;
        read_lo         = " 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0",
                          " 0 0 a13 a12 a11 a10 a9 a8",
                          " a7 a6 a5 a4 a3 a2 a1 a0",
                          " o o o o o o o o";
        
        read_hi          = " 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0",
                           " 0 0 a13 a12 a11 a10 a9 a8",
                           " a7 a6 a5 a4 a3 a2 a1 a0",
                           " o o o o o o o o";
        
        loadpage_lo     = " 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0",
                          " 0 0 0 x x x x x",
                          " x x a5 a4 a3 a2 a1 a0",
                          " i i i i i i i i";
        
        loadpage_hi     = " 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0",
                          " 0 0 0 x x x x x",
                          " x x a5 a4 a3 a2 a1 a0",
                          " i i i i i i i i";
        
        writepage       = " 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0",
                          " 0 0 a13 a12 a11 a10 a9 a8",
                          " a7 a6 x x x x x x",
                          " x x x x x x x x";

        mode        = 0x41;
        delay       = 6;
        blocksize   = 128;
        readsize    = 256;

        ;
        
    memory "lfuse"
        size            = 1;
        min_write_delay = 4500;
        max_write_delay = 4500;
        read            = "0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
                          "x x x x x x x x o o o o o o o o";
        
        write           = "1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0",
                          "x x x x x x x x i i i i i i i i";
        ;
    
    memory "hfuse"
        size            = 1;
        min_write_delay = 4500;
        max_write_delay = 4500;
        read            = "0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0",
                          "x x x x x x x x o o o o o o o o";
        
        write           = "1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0",
                          "x x x x x x x x i i i i i i i i";
        ;
    
    memory "efuse"
        size            = 1;
        min_write_delay = 4500;
        max_write_delay = 4500;
        read            = "0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0",
                          "x x x x x x x x x x x x x o o o";
        
        write           = "1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0",
                          "x x x x x x x x x x x x x i i i";
        ;
    
    memory "lock"
        size            = 1;
        min_write_delay = 4500;
        max_write_delay = 4500;
        read            = "0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
                          "x x x x x x x x x x o o o o o o";
        
        write           = "1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 x x x x x",
                          "x x x x x x x x 1 1 i i i i i i";
        ;
    
    memory "calibration"
        size            = 1;
        read            = "0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 x x x x x",
                          "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o o o o o o o o";
        ;
    
    memory "signature"
        size            = 3;
        read            = "0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x x x x x",
                          "x x x x x x a1 a0 o o o o o o o o";
        ;
;